Binomial Nomenclature is the Latin phrases or "scientific names" of different organisms that classify them first by genus and then by species. For example, Humans are Homo sapiens. Homo is our genus, and sapiens is our species. More specifically, a species is defined as a group of organisms that are similar enough that they are capable of interbreeding to create fertile offspring. Some different species can produce offspring together, but often those offspring are infertile. For instance, a female horse and a male donkey can produce a mule, but that mule cannot reproduce - therefore, they are not the same species.

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